Lettuce Rouge d’Hiver
Lettuce Rouge d’Hiver translates to winter red. The large, flat, broad leaves have a buttery texture, and vary in colour between green through bronze shades to red, the blush deepening with colder weather. An attractive 1800’s cold-tolerant, French heirloom romaine lettuce, also known as ‘Cimarron’. An excellent variety, especially in the winter of Tasmania.
Sow – Sept to April (cool climate).
Spacing – 20cm between plants, 30cm rows.
Lettuce was originally farmed by the ancient Egyptians, who transformed it from a plant whose seeds were used to create oil into an important food crop raised for its succulent leaves and oil-rich seeds. Lettuce spread to the Greeks and Romans; the latter gave it the name lactuca, from which the English lettuce is derived.
By 50 AD, many types were described, and lettuce appeared often in medieval writings, including several herbals. The 16th through 18th centuries saw the development of many varieties in Europe, and by the mid-18th century cultivars were described that can still be found in gardens.
Germination: Optimal Soil temperature is 18 to 22 C (around 7 to 10 days to germination)